"All affected can accept the consequences and side effects its general observance can be anticipated to have for the satisfaction of everyone's interests (and these consequences are preferred to those of known alternatives possibilities of regulation)"
This principle of universalization is associated to the principle of discussion according to which only those norms that have been accepted (or are susceptible to be accepted) by all participants in a practical discourse can pretend to be valid.
Risk is involved in the principle of universalization in this that the acceptance of the consequences and side effects of the norm's hypothetical observation is rooted in the evaluation and rational discussion of good and bad risks that might result from the norm's general observation.
Obviously not all communicative action involes inter-subjectivity ( in Habermas' sense of the term) and it can not asserted with certainty that communicative action, in practice, fits within the ideal of moral validity.
On the other hand there is hardly need to tell that the organization of such inter-subjective communication, if it could be successfully applied, to communicative situations which present a very high potential of escalation, would be a powerful means of communicative risk regulation ( inter-ethnic, inter-religious, inter-institutional and private-public).
1. To which degree Habermas' discourse ethics can be applied as a means to realize Communicative Risk Theory's major aims? Can it be applied?
2. Does communicative risk regulation necessarily require for inter-subjective communication and couldn't it be that other schemes that do not require for inter-subjectivity -e.g. Kant's categorical imperative- might be more appropriate means of regulation (accordingly to the ethical project). When and in which circumstances?
3. Can ethical maxims of (communicative) action that are rooted in reason and presuppose rational decision-making be considered independently from religious and other value systems?
4. Why should communicative risk regulation, to be effective and efficacious, be realized by means of the test of universalization? Is it relevant and ethically desirable in ethnic, cultural and religious diversity?
5. Couldn't it be that the test of universalization, through lack of an external observer, is not a guarantee for universal validity and objectivity (Rawls)?
6. How do norms and value interact and how inter-act the external level of communication and risk with the internal one?
7. Do communicative risk regulation and regulation by means of legal norms interact? Should they interact and to which degree?
8. Is mutual trust relevant for social control?
The challenge consists of trying to establish a fundamental discussion and an empirical testing of these issues and the problems involved
To establish a tri-annual research program
that defines the general frame and the principal targets of the research that is initiated and undertaken by SCRAE.
To issue an annual research report
To provide the public with permanent online information
about our activities.
To undertake research
for academic and non -academic, governmental and non -governmental institutions and settings.
To act as scientific advisor
for the major actors of political, social and religious life.
To provide for permanent dialogue
with all these actors, at communautarian, national and international level, to stimulate inter-communication.
To develop knowledge exchange
, transfer and synergy.
To build a bridge
between the various scientific communities and cultures of the Western and the Eastern World.
SCRAE Board shall consist of:
- Co-Directory (philosophical and religious department / sociology/ social psychology); General Secretary; International Honorary Expert Committee
- Senior scientific advisor
- Research organizer
- Logistic organizer
For SCRAE's various research activities, several teams and groups of research are to be created, each of which is committed to specialize in a major field (law, philosophy, religion, social-psychology, psychology, semiotics, communication, social and political sciences).
We recruit full and half time scholars with demonstrated specialization.
SCRAE will be established in a city that:
- has a very strong and internationally recognized tradition in academic research
- is proud of its historical tradition both with regards to the co-existence of the major monotheist religions and to the inter-ship between intellectual and spiritual life
- demonstrates a very strong activity or revival in religious and cultural diversity
- constitutes an attractive pole for investment and economic development.
We are ready to face new challenges and provide for innovative approaches!